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Metal laser cutting is a melting, vaporizing, or burning material that utilizes a high-powered laser beam. Depending on the type of laser used and equipment settings, the process is highly accurate and can cut metals of different thicknesses. It is one of the major techniques for industrial manufacturing. It will be very use complete for manufacturing.
The first effort to cut sheet metal with a laser dates back to the 1960s, although laser-cutting technology has been available for over 60 years. Fusion laser cutting and ablation laser cutting are the two primary methods of metal laser cutting.
Fiber lasers emerged in the 1960s, but commercialization occurred in the late 1980s. The 1990s saw high-power lasers like solid state improve efficiency and productivity. Laser cutting became widely accepted in the automotive and aerospace industries.
Laser Cutter Chart
The thickness and density of the material are important factors to consider when cutting with lasers. Cutting through a thin material requires less laser energy than cutting the same material in a thicker form. Less dense material also requires less laser energy. However, increasing the level of laser energy generally improves Laser cutting speed.
A 10.6-micron wavelength co2 Laser is used mainly to cut non-metallic materials. Fibre laser and carbon dioxide Laser remain used to cut minerals. However, as a general rule, metal cutting requires much higher energy levels than non-minerals.
Study more about why laser technology is an ideal instrument to meet accurate probability conditions when used as a laser cutter and how its technology empowers characteristic design features. Read through more articles to know more about Laser.
Parts of the Laser Cutting Machine
The manufacturer may add something not part of the rule in this part. However, the usual features and components of laser cutting gadgets include:
The Laser Generator: It is the part of the device that produces the light source.
You can consider it the “engine” in the car because it provides lasers in the laser cutting machine.
Laser cutting machine (head): The beam of light remains manifested through the laser cutting head from the generator.
It consists of a focus lens, nozzle and tracking system.
Engine: You can consider the engine the primary component of the movement or motion system. Laser cutter movement depends on engine efficiency.
Laser Cutting Machine (Frame) : the laser cutter frame is similar to the state or body of the device. A carefully designed structure serves as the basis for your device’s durability.
Power Provider : It is the bridge between the laser cutter, generator, and engine.
It’s the part that regulates everything to work as it is.
Control System : your device’s CPU or processing unit, where you can control the actions of your laser cutters.
Water Cooler : lasers mean heat, so you need something that can cool it – that’s the purpose of water coolers.
It’s a device that helps convert electricity into light.
Gas Cylinders: The Laser won’t work without something it can release – that’s the purpose of the gas.
Gas cylinders supply gases for laser oscillations, creating a light source.
So, these are the main components of the laser cutting machine. Take one, and you won’t be able to use it properly.
Laser Engraving Machines
You can use laser cutters for engraving or engraving, which depend solely on strength and speed.
However, you should note that cutting and laser drilling are two different processes.
Laser cutting is the process of chopping or chopping the piece of work along the way.
Moreover, on the other hand, laser engraving means distinguishing a piece of work by removing part of it.
What Lasers Can Cut?
You can use it to cut nearly anything, the most common of which are:
- Steel And Metal
How can Laser cut equipment cut metal?
Therefore, they can penetrate the most robust steel plates thanks to their strength and composition.
Often, laser cutters with a high co2 capacity and ability can penetrate many materials and objects, including aluminium and stainless steel.
Laser Pieces are Identified and Classified in Different Ways and Types
Laser Fibres: The type of metal laser cutting is not far from how the crystal laser works.
Fibrous lasers are the most popular types of laser cutting today. one of the main benefits he enjoys on other species is the most extended service life.
Laser Gases: Nitrogen gas lasers (compressed gas) are engraved, drilled or cut. Through compressed co2 electrical stimulation, it can release a vital source.
Crystal Laser: Crystals are robust materials that you can use to cut lasers.
Medicine and pharmaceutical fields found that crystal lasers are their best bet to cut different things daily.
Which Industries can Use Laser Cutting Machines?
Metal Laser cutting is not something only one industry can use and use effectively.
So, you can use it if you work in the industrial, manufacturing, and sectors. but among the industries most used for them are:
- Aviation and automotive industry
- The medical and pharmaceutical industry
- Electronics and engineering industry
- Petrochemical industry
- Power and generation industry